Encouraging to Use Mass Transportation
Mass transportation is a kind of transportation system which large numbers of people are carried within a single vehicle. Airplanes, railways, buses, trolleys, light rail systems, and subways are examples of mass transportation systems. This mass transit systems is believed to be the future way which can solve the heavy traffic in the street.
Mass transportation have a number of advantages over private automobile. In many parts of the world, mass transportation is an important component of a nation’s transportation system. Where people are too poor to buy automobiles, they depend on bicycles or animals or mass transit systems such as bus lines to travel within a city and from city to city.
Mass transportations such as bus, train, plane are more efficient ways of moving people than the private automobile. For example, a subway system can transport 80,000 passengers per hour. In comparison, an 8-lane freeway can carry only 20,000 passengers per hour. The cost of operating an inter-city bus line typically runs about two cents per vehicle mile, about one-tenth the comparable average for a private automobile.
Mass transit systems also take up much less space than do the highways needed for the movement of automobile traffic. Most urban landscapes today are a vivid testimony to the amount of space required for private automobiles.
To make that mass transportation system works, some experts suggest that forms of mass transportation should be developed. The efforts can be:
- Setting up van pools for employees in big company areas.
- Picking up people who live close to each other in small vans and brought to and from work as a group.
- Having an experiment with dial-a-ride programs which elderly citizens can call to request transportation in a mini-van from one point to another.
- Attempting to increase the use of mass transportation by imposing high taxes on parking and tolls leading to the city for private automobiles.
- Developing new subway, trolley, and bus lines, and other alternative forms of mass transportation.